How Africa is Becoming China’s China

How Africa is Becoming China’s China


This video was made possible by Brilliant. Start learning with Brilliant for 20% off
by being one of the first 200 to sign up at http://brilliant.org/wendover. Political alliances manifest themselves here—on
the voting floor of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, New York. In this room countries impose legislation
that carries weight worldwide and so what happens in this room is the physical materialization
of the world’s politics. 47 years ago, exactly that happened when one
of the General Assembly’s most consequential votes occurred. China, you see, essentially has two governments. There’s the Republic of China which used
to control the mainland and Taiwan but today only administers Taiwan and there’s the
People’s Republic of China which controls the mainland. Both claim to be the rightful governments
of all of the Chinese territory—both Taiwan and the mainland—and so back in 1971 the
United Nations had to decide which government would represent China. Essent ially, the question was which government
was the rightful leader of the territory as there could only be one in the United Nations. The US was the main superpower opposing the
People’s Republic representing China as it had a strong political and military alliance
with the Republic of China government and so the vote was essentially the US’ sphere
of influence versus the world. Among the 35 countries that voted against
the People’s Republic were much of Africa—the Central African Republic, Chad, Gabon, Liberia,
Niger, South Africa, and plenty of others that sided with the US. Despite the US’s efforts, the resolution
ended up passing and the representative government for China in the UN was switched to the People’s
Republic of China but what’s interesting about this is not the result, it’s who voted
against the People’s Republic. Since that 1971 vote, you see, something has
changed. In 2007, the UN general assembly met once
again to vote on whether to adopt a resolution condemning the human rights situation in North
Korea. As one of North Korea’s strongest allies,
this vote was China and its sphere of influence versus the world. In this vote, though, only Burundi, Equatorial
Guinea, Eritrea, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, and Tanzania
voted against China. All the 43 other African countries either
abstained or voted no along with China because in the forty years between those votes, political
ties changed. Africa no longer bows to the US. Much of the continent is now economically
and politically aligned with the world’s fastest emerging superpower—China. The simple answer for why this is is because
China has pumped huge amounts of money into the continent of Africa. They’re buying allies. For example, China built a $3.2 billion railway
in Kenya trekking the 300 miles from Nairobi, the capitol, to Mombassa, the second largest
city and primary port, in 4 hours and 30 minutes. That’s faster than what the fastest train
in the US, the Acela Express, takes to travel the equivalent distance from Philadelphia
to Boston. China also built a $526 million dam in Guinea
which helped push the country from having constant power shortages to making more energy
than it needs and selling the extra capacity to its neighbors. China also built a $475 million light rail
system in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the first of its kind in sub-Saharan Africa, designed
as a way to combat the capital’s crippling traffic. These are only a sampling. There are literally hundreds of others of
Chinese infrastructure projects in Africa each year. All across the continent, China is playing
a part in projects both big and small that are transforming African economies. It’s important to note that these projects
are not, though, free. Each of these three were financed by loans
granted by China’s state-owned and controlled Export-Import bank and these loans do, of
course, need to be paid back by the countries granted them. Large African infrastructure projects, though,
would be viewed as risky by any traditional bank and would therefore struggle to get financed
but China’s export-import bank doesn’t care. Assuming cooperation between the Chinese and
African countries’ governments, this bank will give low-interest or no-interest loans
to African countries so they can build these trains or dams or other projects. These loans are therefore considered a form
of foreign aid since China doesn’t expect to get all their money back, at least adjusted
for inflation, since they’re not charging much interest and there’s a high risk of
default. Of course China isn’t just financing these
projects out of kindness. For each of them there’s a political goal
behind it. You see, the country of China is running out
of growth potential. Its era of double digit year over year GDP
growth is over as it makes the shift from industrializing to industrialized. Africa, meanwhile, is one of the least developed
areas of the world and a lack of development actually makes fast growth easy. The first step of economic development for
many countries is natural resource exploitation. Nearly every country has some level of natural
resources that they can use to kickstart growth but first they need to have enough money to
build the infrastructure and take the steps needed to gather these natural resources. As everyone knows, it takes money to make
money and China has money. By investing in African mining and farming,
China can profit off of Africa’s growth and fuel the business back in China that require
minerals and food, but in addition to it serving as a source of natural resources, Africa has
another resource—labor. It might seem strange that China, the country
that the world uses for low-cost manufacturing, is looking for a labor source elsewhere but
that is exactly what it’s doing. China is a victim of its own success. The economic development that its manufacturing
industry brought pushed a large segment of its population into the middle class which
raised labor costs country-wide. It’s not bad news, China as a country has
shifted from having a low-skilled to a medium-skilled workforce as their education level has improved,
but for the lowest cost, lowest skilled manufacturing work, the country of China is no longer competitive. Therefore, Chinese manufacturing firms are
setting up their own operations in Africa—one of the cheapest and lowest skilled labor markets
in the world. Today, China is now the largest trading partner
with Africa as a whole. Despite China being a vastly larger country
than the US in population, the US and China both trade a similar value of goods worldwide
each year. In this case, though, whereas $48 billion
worth off goods were exchanged between the US and Africa in 2016, China traded $128 billion
worth of goods—nearly three times as much. Now, the whole idea of setting up a structure
of power over other less developed states in order to gather resources and use their
labor force might sound familiar because that’s largely what colonialism was. The motives behind European powers expanding
their territory to less developed nations in the 15th through 20th centuries were remarkably
similar to the motivations behind China’s growing economic influence in the developing
world today. Despite what some may say, there is empirical
evidence that China has been using these infrastructure investments to affect worldwide politics. It’s been found that if an African country
recognizes Taiwan as a country they receive, on average, 2.7 fewer Chinese infrastructure
projects within their borders each year. Conversely, if an African country votes overwhelmingly
along with China in the United Nations General Assembly, they receive 1.8 more infrastructure
projects per year. Considering that the General Assembly is an
equal representative body where each country gets one vote no matter if they have a million
residents or a billion, China’s getting a lot of influence for, in the grand scheme
of things, not a lot of money. China touts the fact that their foreign investment
and aid is “no strings attached.” Unlike other institutions that give low or
no-interest loans to developing countries like the International Monetary Fund or World
Bank, China give loans with no requirements on factors like respect of human rights or
democratic elections. Of course, this data linking infrastructure
investment with political leanings shows that there are indeed hidden strings that require
benefit for China rather than benefit for the receiving country. Western powers are understandably concerned
about this shift in power dynamics towards a country with vastly different ideals. In 2017, China entered a select club as it
opened a military base in Djibouti. While four other countries have bases in Djibouti—France,
Italy, Japan, and the US—this base was unique as it was China’s first base abroad and
those by themselves, military bases abroad, are unique. Only 15 of the world’s most developed and
militarily powerful countries worldwide have them and now China is one of them. Although, western powers might be worried
for the wrong reasons. The government of China is clearly putting
a lot of focus and money into Africa but not as much as you’d think based off the result
they’re getting—vast amounts of influence over a whole continent. There are two key numbers to look at. In 2015, China loaned just $12 billion to
African countries. In the same year, the country invested a mere
$3 billion in the continent. That’s just not much but the reason China
is gaining this enormous influence over the continent is because the Chinese government
no longer has to force this phenomenon. Private Chinese industry is taking hold of
Africa. Of the estimated 10,000 Chinese businesses
in Africa, 90% of them are privately owned rather than one of the numerous Chinese state-run
companies. The Chinese companies in Africa are actually
making money—some substantially so. The Chinese government certainly has provided
a considerable push to the industrialization of Africa but now that that’s done, economic
forces are moving the initiative further forward. Chinese small business is gripping the continent. Much of the western world is ignoring the
prospects of the continent—ignoring that business in Africa can now be as profitable
as business in China was when its period of tremendous growth began. Right now, Africa is establishing itself as
the source of labor and resources for China and so, until the west pays attention, Africa
will continue inching forward on its path towards becoming China’s China. One of the techniques used to predict the
GDP or GDP growth of a country, which is of course used to decide which country to invest
in, is machine learning. For example, here’s what a machine learning
model predicted a country’s GDP would be over three months and here’s what it actually
was. It forecasted the country’s GDP far better
than humans did. The science behind predictions like this is
complex but fascinating. If you want to learn how it works, though,
the best place to do so is brilliant.org. Their machine learning course makes this advanced
concept simple because their simple explanations, illuminating graphics, and thought-provoking
questions break a concept down into small packages and then builds it back up to the
final result. They truly are experts in successfully teaching
complex topics. They also have plenty of other fascinating
courses on topics like computational biology, number theory, artificial neural networks,
and more. You can start learning for free at brilliant.org/Wendover
but then, if you want to access the full range of classes with their premium subscription,
the first 200 to use that link will also get 20% off their annual premium subscription. Thanks for watching and we’ll see you again
in three weeks for another Wendover Productions video.

100 comments on “How Africa is Becoming China’s China

  1. China is not a superpower in to say that it's an emerging superpower is to assume that it will become one it's a goddamn stupid assumption.

  2. AFRICAN LEADERS ARE STUPID ! THEY ARE BEING FOOLED INTO TAKING VAST LOANS THEY CANNOT REPAY.

    MARK MY WORDS AFRICA……CHINA WILL OWN YOU VERY SOON.

  3. They started in the ghetto black neighborhoods of America, now, they're coming for THE Ghetto Black Continent of the Earth.

  4. 作为一个中国人,开始还搞不懂为什么我们国家每年投入那么多资金预算帮助非洲国家发展基础建设经济等等。后来才懂得只有让落后的国家发展起来才能解放开发他们的生产力才能更有助于世界经济的宏观发展。当然西方国家们肯定会抹黑的,只是因为是中国做的这一切。

  5. China knows the what we really are and when the time comes they know they will be looked at as the ones that help us. There may be a bigger reason but, they know we are the ones that have alot of power.

  6. China is a true friend of every country except the wicked america. China can do what the wicked america can't🐯🐯🐯🐯🐯🐯🐯🐯🐯

  7. 视频,很客观,在中国的文化里。帮助别人,自己也能获利,叫做双赢,而,帮助别人被扩大了层面,好掩饰自己的获利。这样比较体面。这是一个公平而且友好的互助协议,视频表达的很好,有一个地方存在观念价值的不同,比如,中国会减少在不友好国家的投资,我觉得没问题的,你不受欢迎,你的努力,就没有保障。减少互相不必要的猜忌,没问题。

  8. People supporting China in the comments😂😂😂fucking morons. this so called help to Africa is debt trap policy.
    China will try to buy every country possible so that they can spread their communism

  9. Reading these comments, I see that the Chinese government has accomplished what they were trying to do. You really think that China helps them because they have such a good heart? Okay…

  10. hope you do research about Uyghur people in a concentration camps above 5 million .they are invaded the East Turkistan by the name of peacefull development, china invading other countries by economically and culturally, dragon is a symbol of chinese, BRI (bealt road initiative ) train similar to dragon .by this way Chinese communist invading other nations.

  11. Western countries destroyed Africa.
    China help Africa to build their home.
    Western countries:China is destroying Africa.
    Don’t forget Triangle trade.

  12. Remember the white man had Africa and what did they do nothing they suck out our wealth and left us completely dry colonial eyes docile and helplessly relying on them and also change how cultural differences our laws are constitutes our beliefs as well completely displaced us China has never done this still we haven't learnt that we are responsible for our own country why are we relying on others to build our country our own leaders are so damn corrupt and think only about themselves and not the people maybe this sort of thing we should now be learning from educating the young Generations and the Next Generation afterwards should change the mindsets just think of building out on countries not be coming lawyers and doctors and accountants and living abroad and spending money abroad when it should be left in Africa and lot of West Africans do this spend money more abroad than they do in their own country which is foolishness we need to keep our wealth in our country's America and Europe are not our friends remember that

  13. China increase its pie so that the poorer nations in Africa can take a bite. China wants Africa to rise with it. China is becoming more of Africa's Africa.

  14. Just ask those Africans,would you prefers Chinese’s helps or American’s commanding directives?Nobody likes tyrant telling us what and what not we can do,nor Sabre Rattling and war mongering inflicting fears and uncertainties,China brought hopes,aspirations,skills,loans,infrastructure and businesses opportunities for Many otherwise hopeless Africans,from arts,Kungfu,languages,jobs and prosperity.

  15. Western powers like to use model they use to ruled and rodded these African countries. And we were invaded and rodded for more 100 years. That’s what Chinese people can understand these African people what they want. People want to be rich, and a safety environment. And everyone knows the country’s profits are top one of everything.

  16. Don’t mess with USA 🇺🇸 or you will feel the thunder 💥 💥 any country messes with the USA will feel the wrath of the 🇺🇸 in minutes because we have bases everywhere 😎

  17. This is true but US OF FUCKING A is doing the same thing!!!! Do you relay believe that USA is doing it for charity, fuck no they are doing the same thing as China, but when some one else do the same thing which USA does than they are dictators, occupators, etc…. Only difference is WAR, see USA starts war with country which they want to "help" they demolish it beyond repairable and then they give them loans to fix everything…. Same shit different country, and as much as this clip is true you are excluding the same thing done by USA, and they are now losing on all fronts….

    Never the less great clip great channel keep the good work!!!

  18. It is ridiculous that a lot of people use democracy to attack China. Democracy should be the result of development, not the cause. China has the institutional advantage of doing things efficiently, much like Singapore. The government is for the good of the people. The people have really improved. That's the real thing.

  19. Never believe American wants African get better.
    They just focus on how they can lead the world, earn more money.
    But world is not just for American, it's for all of us.

  20. USA shouldnt even have a say in this situation, those dirty fucks, for so long in history how come usa didnt rlly help africa? But yet when another country decides to help Africa its a bad thing, its only a bad thing to usa because china are their enemies. Trying to bring down the enemy with false facts, like i said, bunch of dirty fks.

  21. 既然配了中文字幕,那我就用中文留言,首先整篇文章真是酸到了极点,其次…算了,留言这些根本没意义,浪费时间

  22. If anyone invest something any where then it is important that what he or she will get in return from those investment so it is not going to colonize like Uk or Britain and Others but some affects will we put on there because of China highly investment so in return they have to give some thing to China so as the relations would able to maintain.

  23. I'm from Kenya. The Chinese have really helped in our development but recently people are getting worried as more of them come to start small businesses that compete with locals

  24. ALL COMMUNISTS ,, MAOISTS,,SUBVERTED MENTAL SLAVES CROOKS HYPOCRITE'S LIARS CONSPIRATORS FRAUDS PRETENDER'S SHAMELESS BASTARDS ARE TRYING VERY HARD HERE IN COMMENTS TO DEFEND INNOCENT CHINA,,ITS ILLUSIONARY ,, DECEIVING,, CYNICAL BENEVOLENCE,,& HIDING CHINA'S REAL HIDDEN CONSPIRACIES & SECRET DARK UGLY AGENDA TO BECOME NEXT USSR TO CONTROL & EXPAND ITS TOTALITARIAN & AUTHORITARIAN BRUTAL REGIME,, COMMUNISTS CHINA KILLED ITS OWN 60 MILLION CITIZENS FOR COMMUNISTS RULE,,EVEN HIGHER THAN USSR DID,,NOW COMMUNISTS CHINA IS REALLY PLANNING HARD TO BRING THE SAME TOTALITARIAN REGIME TO THE WHOLE WORLD IN COMING FUTURE… LADIES & GENTLEMAN THE STAGE IS GETTING DECORATED & WELL PREPARED FOR THE ANOTHER RUTHLESS GENOCIDE BY COMMUNISTS LEFTISTS SUBVERTED MENTAL SLAVES FOR MENTAL COLONIZATION & CONSEQUENTLY A MASSIVE IDEOLOGICAL SUPER WAR AROUND THE WORLD LIKE NEVER BEFORE…MAY BE CHINA IS SETTING THE STAGE,, DOING NECESSARY RETUALS TO INVITE IT'S COMPLETE RUTHLESS DESTRUCTION MISERY MISFORTUNE DISASTER & COMPLETE ELIMINATION INTO PIECES AFTER HUMAN HOLOCAUST…HOPE IN ALL THIS CHAOS,,THE REAL TRUTH PREVAILS & COME OUT VICTORIOUS FOR HUMANITY IN THIS CONTINUING STRUGGLE OF HUMAN CIVILIZATION…KEEP WATCHING CAREFULLY…GOOD LUCK & TAKE GOOD CARE…

  25. Africa burbak hai
    China abhi toh help kar raha hai, but baad mein khub gaanr marega, pura resource lega Africa se
    Isiliye Africa ko khud se hi develop hona hoga, nahi toh yeh China wala gaanr Mar lega yeh Africa walon ka

  26. Why are people making this out like it's a bad thing? China needs resources. Africa has resources. Africa wants better infrastructure. China can provide. It's solely a matter of trading and yes, that will inadvertently increase China's sphere of influence but when you consider that it is both mutually beneficial and doesn't really harm anyone: Who said that Chinese influence is even a bad thing? It doesn't seem to be.

  27. China:I will develop Africa!😤😤😤
    USA:NO!! I Will involve😡😡😡
    OTHER NATIONS:Here help!!!😢😢😢
    AFRICA:Yeah keep it up USA & China😎😎😎😎

  28. Why could anyone thinks that China had to do charities in Africa? Action speaks louder than words man. We dont do charity, we do business, and we prefer win-win business.

  29. US built the wall and war.
    Comments: democracy and freedom.
    China built bridges and roads.
    Comments: dictatorship and hegemony.

  30. Western people have been there for 400 years. If they really want to help them, they would have enough food and clean water to feed people. But every one know they didn't. People are living in poverty and they have the right to find a new way to survive. It can't be worse anyway.

  31. Europe should thank China for pouring billions of dollars into Africa for development. Without China’s help Europe will become Africa’s Africa.

  32. the choice for Africa is between the devil they know (the west) and the devil they don't (china). seems that a lot of people have forgotten the way Moa swept through China in the 50's… with the support of people such as Henry Kissinger… David Rockefeller…
    the mere assumption that ideals exist in the real world of political power should be cautioned, it does not exist

  33. "what's so wrong with China HELPING Africa" really? Wow my fellow Africans you are ignorant. China lends billions of dollars to poor countries all over the world who will eventually default on these loans and the Chinese know that very well, it's a strategy, they're essentially buying votes in the UN and influence in these African countries and another thing China has a huge population and in years to come they will need new territories to dump their people. Nothing is for free especially when it comes to politics. China is not our friend

  34. There seem to be many misinformed people in the comments. You don’t understand. China has oil and gas rights in many of these nations. It’s basically a non violent colonisation and the Africans are so dumb they will not do anything about it.

  35. The only reason western media is pissing itself in anger is because of resources. As Africa begins to industrialize African workers will start to get pay more as their spending power will increase. The us is always in desperate need of resources so an industrialized Africa will increase the cost of production cutting into profits which us companies are heavily against. Africa currently is quite cheap to extract resouces. We all knew China wages were eventually going to catch up to them. This is taught in any economic intermediate class for quite some time now. Gotta be honest but the us obsession with maintaining a 19th century school of global politics is going to fuck us horribly. We had the capital to industrialize africa, and bring it within our sphere of influence. What a wasted opportunity.

  36. Teach a man fishing rather then give him fishes, China is teaching Africa fishing, which makes China and Africa benefited both. As this is also Africa’s opportunity.

  37. The west is strong when China can't export, but will the west help build facilities and investment in Africa? When China helps Africa build infrastructure and investment, the west accuses and criticizes China's behavior in Africa. In this case, the west will help Africa with concrete actions instead of words.

  38. What’s the FUCK !
    How can you forgot East-Turkistan
    Its biggest colony of China (yes bigger than Tibet!!!) they planed a airplane crash in 1949 to kill president of East-Turkistan, and brought Han Chinese army and immigrants to there.
    Now they are building concentration camp that has 3 millions of Uyghur(the people who actually own the land of East-Turkistan) and named it XinJiang (Xin in Chinese language means “new”, Jiang means “land”. So together means “new land”, and they said Xinjiang always are part of China, which is a lie)
    East-Turkistan has totally different face looking than Han Chinese, totally different religion than Chinese which believe Islam, culture is different as well. From DNA Uyghur people is same as Europe people DNA)
    Now. They burning Holly book Quran, forcing women to marry with Han Chinese, putting mans in to concentration camps, took the children from home to stay school (7-18 years old children) for studying fully Han Chinese cultures, they want Uyghur people be same as Han Chinese. Main reason they want East-Turkistan that bad is, the land have very rich natural resources (gas, mine, gold, ext) plz let international know what is Chinese doing in East-Turkistan. 🙏🏻❤️💪🏻

  39. So the grand plan of china is to buy out africa through infrastructures. And once that's done, they plan on setting up most of their low-cost labor in africa. They'll keep the african populace from rising to a middle class state to maintain this labor.

  40. Westerners always racist Africans and now they're jealous that African is taking off with the help from China.

  41. China and Iran must fall!

    If the Anglo-Yid world order falls the world shall fall into unrecoverable darkness

  42. USA, UK, ISRAEL were destined to rule over the world.
    They shall rule over Africa, India, and China

  43. America will fall along with Europe. The Rise of Asian Countries is what those white bitches fear the most. They know what they'd done, time for a payback.

  44. As an African I read the title and I was so shocked but then you said
    China is paying whole but China is not paying Egypt (my country) and Algeria and Morocco so that means will China will really invade WHOLE Africa?

  45. China has set up many schools and hospitals in Africa. roads, and so on infrastructure. A lot of talents have been trained. Free to let a lot of people come to China to learn knowledge and then build Africa. I can't see anything but colonization and war that the West has brought to Africa. African countries are China's partners. Partnership is not charity, it is mutual help, it is equality and dignity.

  46. Africa does have a lot of problems right now, but that should be the decision of the African people. China only helps in the economy, infrastructure, and talent development. And establish cooperation. Win-win economy. The political problems of the African people should be their own decisions. They have the ability to make their own decisions. China doesn't need china to make decisions for them. Westerners like to force others to accept their ideas, Chinese think that Africans can achieve their ideas.

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