Regional Climate Change in Pakistan

Regional Climate Change in Pakistan


Hello Everyone, today I will be talking about
Regional Climate Change in Pakistan. Lets start with answering a basic question
where is Pakistan?”Pakistan is located in South Asia, it shares borders with Iran,
China, Afghanistan, and India. Pakistan lies near the Tropic of Cancer. Due to Pakistan’s location the weather there
during summer is arid and hot and during winters its cold. Pakistan has different topographic locations,
you can find beautiful mountain ranges in the north and beautiful coast line in the
south. Due to its variation in topography, extreme
variation in temperature can be found across the country. Furthermore, Pakistan gets its yearly rain
during the monsoon season that ranges from April to September. Lets talk briefly about Pakistan’s government,
culture and society. Pakistan gained independence from the United
Kingdom in 1947. The people of Pakistan are called Pakistani. Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic. Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan and also
considered the political center of the country. Majority of the population living in Pakistan
is Muslim. The currency of Pakistan is rupees PKR. The
country is divided into four provinces Sindh, Baluchistan, Punjab, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The birth rate of the country is 2.55 children
per woman. Urdu is the national language of Pakistan
however, there are more than eight regional languages spoken in Pakistan.Evidence of Climate
change in Pakistan, in recent years there has been an increase in intensity and frequency
of floods. Catastrophic floods have displaced several
million peoples across the country. Severe periods of droughts in Baluchistan
and Thar in the past few years, is another evidence of climate change. Furthermore, In the last few years Karachi,
one of the biggest metropolitan city has experienced severe heat waves that have killed almost
1,200 people. Let’s discuss the current and future impacts
of climate change in Pakistan.According to a report published in 2014, Pakistan’s average
temperature increased .57 degree Celsius during the last century. Furthermore, 10% – 25% decrease on average
rainfall is observed across the country. Due to mangrove habitat destruction, coastal
areas like Karachi are prone to significant destruction from cyclones, floods, and tsunamis. In the future droughts and catastrophic floods
will increase. Habitat Destruction is one of the main reasons
for endangered species. Green Turtle, Snow Leopard, and Indus River
dolphin are some the species that are endangered and are at a risk of extinction. What steps is the Government taking for adaptations
and mitigation? Pakistan’s government passed The National
Climate Change Policy called NCCP in 2012. The document acknowledges the future impact
of climate change on socio-economic structure and the vulnerability of individual sectors
and ecoregions. Pakistan’s goal is to decrease 20% of its
greenhouse gas emission by 2030. The government is planning to achieve that
goal by working with local resources and using international climate finance and technology. I hope Pakistan is able to achieve its goal. Thank You for watching the video.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *