WW2 in South-East Asia | Malayan Campaign (1941-1942)

WW2 in South-East Asia | Malayan Campaign (1941-1942)

Malaya was known for its
rich natural resources, and that very aspect was eyed by the
Japanese militarists and industrialists. In 1939, Malaya was the
resource of 40% of the world’s rubber and 60%
of the world’s tin that fact alone interest
of Japanese expansionists but two additional reasons
sealed the approval on the invasion planning that
started in early 1941. first two was act most of this
rubber and tin supply went to Japan’s potential cross
ocean rival the United States secondly Japan needed oil every drop of oil consumed
by Japan’s military and industrial capacities
had to be imported the Japanese Navy alone needed 400 tons of
oil per hour to maintain its war readiness while Malaya only had a limited
amount of oil production the peninsula was the perfect staging point
to launch and support further invasion for the oil-rich islands of
Borneo, Java, and Sumatra in June 1941 Japan was
refused supplies of iron and oil from United States,
Britain and Netherlands therefore further reinforced Japanese
thought that Southeast Asia must be taken in addition to the natural resources, Malaya was also part of plan to
expand the outer perimeters, so wide that her enemies would not be able
to attack by air against the home islands this perimeter extends from the
Kurile islands down to wake, Guam, the East Indies, Borneo,
Malaya, and up to Burma in general, the Japanese troops
knew very little of jungle warfare furthermore, Japanese
intelligence only detected 30,000 to 50,000 British and
Commonwealth troops in Malaya, when in fact there were about 88,600 men but general Tomoyuki Yamashita
would later admit that our battle in Malaya was successful because
we took the enemy lightly Yamashita was given the overall
responsibility of the invasion on paper, he commanded 25th army, a force
70,000, strong organized into three divisions the defenses in Malaya and Singapore
were equally unprepared for war Indian three Corps was
established and given the mission to defend northern
and central Malaya to do this, it had five
Indian infantry brigades the defense of South was given to
8th Australian Infantry Division coordination between the
ground troops and the small Royal Air Force contingent
in the region was poor while the ground troops,
particularly conscripted from India lacked training and
were not properly equipped high-ranking British officers too
lacked training in jungle warfare while Singapore was boasted to be a fortress
that could resist an amphibious invasion, defense against a convention invasion down
the Malayan peninsula was inadequate. the invasion fleet left from the various
location on the 4th of December 1941 although detected by British
Scout planes two days earlier, bad weather provided stealth
for the invasion convoy on the 8th of December 1941, Japanese
launched an amphibious assault at Kota Bharu, two hours before attack
on Pearl Harbor, U.S. while other column landed at
Singora and pattani, unopposed the japanese invasion force
meet with heavy resistance from indian 9th Infantry
Division at Kota Bharu despite the strong defense,
the Japanese had three full infantry battalions ashore
by mid-morning of 8 December meanwhile in Singora, Yamashita
negotiated with the Thai government, and won an agreement that
allowed Japanese troops to move within Thai borders towards
Malaya without local resistance later Japanese aircraft began
arriving at singora in southern Thailand to prepare for air raids
against targets in British Malaya, in order to seize air superiority on the same day, the 8th
of December Japan sent her first air raid on
the city of Singapore on the 10th of December, Force Z, the fleet
of two warships and four destroyers, sailed up to eastern coast to stop any
further landing operations against Malaya he sailed halfway up the coast
when he had heard a report that a Japanese landing at the port
of Kuantan was being staged, and turned the fleet towards
Kuantan during the night, planning on a dawn attack
against the landing ships at 23:52, Japanese submarine,
i-58 then spotted force Z and launched
the torpedo but missed i-58 then reported the finding to
22nd air flotilla based at Saigon, and sent 76 aircraft to search for force Z as Japanese aircraft of the
22nd air flotilla approached, they were surprised to see two
capital ships without air cover little after, 88 Japanese aircraft
began the attack on the British ships the repulse was disabled quickly
and sank at 12:33, killing 500 men the Prince of Wales
suffered heavy damage and was abandoned at 13:00
hours, killing 300 men later, Japanese bombers launched the first
air raids attack on the Penang Island on the 10th of December
1941, realizing that the positions at jitra
were still not ready, British commanders dispatched the 1st
battalion of the 14th punjab regiment, and the second battalion of the 1st Gurkha
Rifles regiment to Changlun and Asun, to delay the Japanese advance
until the 12th of December contact was made at Changlun at 21:00
hours, where two Japanese tanks were destroyed, before the Punjabi
troops fell back towards Asun on the 11th of December Japanese
infantrymen under the command of Colonel Shizuo Saeki overran the defenses set
up by the Gurkha at Asun at 19:00 hours, and destroyed both battalion,
killing or capturing 350 men the Japanese later reached
the outskirts of Jitra, which was defended by troops
of the 11th Indian division on the 12th of December,
Colonel Shizuo Saeki led elements of the Japanese
5th division attack Jitra. after sundown British general
Lewis Heath gave the order for the 11th Indian division to
withdraw from Jitra to Gurun, due to his line of
communications were threatened by another Japanese forced
down the road to Kroh battle for jitra results
in a major British defeat and decides the
fate of northern Malaya on the 13th of December,
Japanese troops arrived at the abandoned
airfield at Alor Star, capturing bombs and aviation fuel on 14 to the 15th of
December, at 1500 hours, Japanese troops overran
Allied defenses near Gurun, and later Japanese capture Gurun,
opening up the road towards Penang on the same day, the British
abandoned RAF Butterworth in Penang, flying all of the
remaining aircraft to Singapore on the 15th of December 1941,
the British government accepted the Malayan Communist Party’s
offer to resist Japanese invasion at the same time, the
British freed all left-wing political prisoners
with ties to the party on the 16th of December, European
civilians began to evacuate from penang, while Allied troops destroyed
guns, ammunition dumps and other military facilities
to prevent Japanese capture the radio station and the ships in the
harbour however, we’re overlooked, and would later be pressed
into Japanese service on the 17th of December, British
and Indian troops established the defensive line, sixty-five miles south
of Penang, near the Perak River on the 19th of December,
Japanese troops captured Penang on the Malay Peninsula
with no resistance, as British forces had already evacuated
the island on the previous day later the Japanese troops used the radio
stations to broadcast the cruel message: “hello, Singapore, this is Penang calling.
how do you like our bombing?” and proceeded to Massacre the Penang
residents during the large-scale looting On the 20th of December,
Japanese troops arrived and attempted to flank the Allied
positions on the Perak River, while another column marched
along the Grik road on the 21st of December,
having seen previous success with the same
tactic on a smaller scale, Japanese launched a large number of rafts
down the Perak River towards Kuala Kangsar, and an attempt to bypass nearby roadblocks casualties were heavy,
but the Japanese troops were able to establish a
bridge head downstream, causing the British to abandon the Perak
River, positions and to fall back toward Ipoh on the 26th of December,
Anglo-Indian and Japanese troops clashed
at Chemor, north of Ipoh later in the day the Allies withdrew
from Ipoh, and fell back to Kampar, which steep hills offered a
strong natural defensive position on the 30th of December, 8,000
troops of the 9th brigade of the Japanese 5th division launched
probing attacks on Kampar on the East Coast, Japanese
troops attacked the defensive positions north
of the Kuantan river, whose defenders were confused
by an inaccurate intelligence that the Japanese were to
land from the sea behind them later the Indian 9th division fell back
to the south side of the Kuantan River on the 1st of January, Japanese troops
continued the assault on Kampar, with both sites incurred heavy
casualties in the morning realized that in the British
position at Kampar was too strong, general Yamashita ordered landings
on the west coast, south of Kampar, near the 12th brigade positions
at Telok Anson, in order to outflanked and cut off the line
of retreat of the 11th division the 11th infantry regiment
were to land at Hutan Melintang and attacked Telok
Anson from the south, later the Japanese 4th
Imperial Guard regiment sailed down the Perak River
to reinforce the attack the landings were successful
and Telok Anson was taken after a brisk battle
on the 2nd of January with 11th division line of
retreat threatened, British commander ordered the positions
at Kampar to be abandoned the 12th brigade covered the
retreat of 11th division and the British pulled
back to the next prepared defensive position at slim River on the 3rd of January,
near Kuantan, Japanese made a furious attack
on the British defense, and a strong Japanese force
penetrated the position this forced 9th division
to retreated further south as the result Japanese crossed the Kuantan
River capturing the airfield nearby on the 5th of January, Japanese
troops launched probing attacks at the defenses man’s
by Indian troops at Trolak 60 Japanese were killed
without achieving success on the 7th of January, the
Japanese used surprise and tanks to devastating effect
in a risky night attack, in which two indian brigades of 11th
division were practically annihilated later, the Japanese secured slim River
and British withdrew to Kuala Lumpur on the 11th of January, tanks
reached the edge of Kuala Lumpur and had taken the capital city
with relatively little difficulty in the city Yamashita found stores of food,
fuel and ammunition solving his previously stressful situation of a long supply line
from Siam and northern coasts of Malaya [Music] on the 7th of January
Australian General Gordon Bennett’s begin to drop plans
for the defense of Johor a new line was formed
with the 9th Indian division and the rest of
8th Australian divisions the latter of which was
already positioned in Johor to hold along the Muar
River on the western coast while the remnants of 3rd Indian Corp
defended the eastern coast at Mersing the planned purposes to holding
the Japanese in northern Johor province until reinforcements could
be mustered on Singapore Island, which would not be before the
middle of February, for an allied counter-attack against Yamashita’s
forces on the peninsula on the 11th of January, Japanese troops on
bicycles, supported by tanks, crossed the Gemencheh Bridge over the Kelamah River
at 16:00 hours into an Australian ambush, killing somewhere between
140 and 700 Japanese troops, while losing only
one killed and six capture later, the Japanese would
return after dark to successfully secure
and repair the bridge on the 15th of January, Japanese
launched subsequent attacks and flanking maneuvers forced the Australians
to fall back to the Gemas River elsewhere, after the capture of Malacca
on the 16th of January, the 4th and 5th japanese imperial guards
regiments crossed the Muar river, in force, a few miles upstream of the indians
45th Brigade and established a roadblock Yamashita had just turned Bennett’s left
flank and when the 45th Indian Brigade began its withdrawal, Australian force
was in danger of becoming surrounded on the afternoon of the 18th of
January the British now knew that the entire Imperial Guards
division was in the Muar area, while the Japanese 5th division was
on the main road heading south on the 19th of January, Australian
8th division withdrew from Gemas to Segamat, to prevent being cut off
by a Japanese flanking maneuver in fact, the depleted 45th Indian
Brigade had held up the Imperial Guards long enough to save the
Australian from encirclement after the Battle of the Muar, 45th
Indian Brigade ceased to exist on the 20th of January the
Indian and Australian retreat from Bakri and was
cut off by the Japanese on eastern coast 18th division
capture Endau but lacked the strength to break through
the Australian defenses at Mersing, an amphibious landing
were planned at Endau by the Japanese on the 21st of January the
retreat of Indian and Australian troops from Bakri was blocked at
the Parit Sulong bridge at 9:30 then, 2 RAF Albacore aircraft
from Singapore attacked the Japanese positions at the
Parit along bridge in Malaya, in an attempt to relieve the Indian and
Australian troops being blocked there failing to break through the Japanese
lines, the Allied troops decided to break up two small groups and take the
risk of fleeing through the jungle but 110 Australian and 14 Indian was captured
and troops were executed by the Japanese by machine-gunning,
bayonetting, beheading, and burning in the event known
as parit Sulong Massacre on the 25th of January 1942, troops of the
Japanese Imperial Guard captured Batu Pahat on the East Coast at 11:00 hours
Japanese 18th division landed at Endau at 1500 hours RAF biplane aircraft
attacked the Endau landing force causing little damage and
losing five Vildebeest aircraft at 16:30 hours, destroyers
HMS Thanet and HMAS vampire departed Singapore to attack
the Japanese ships At Endau finally at 17:30 another air attack
was conducted by 9 Vildebeest and 3 albacore aircraft, escorted
by some hurricane fighters this attack also achieved little
and nine aircraft were lost on 27th january, At 03:18
hours, destroyers HMS Thanet and HMAS Vampire engaged
Japanese cruiser Sendai and six destroyers, which were
protecting the troop transports that the two Allied destroyers
were aiming to sink in the ensuing battle of Endau,
Japanese troop transports Kansai and Kanbera Maru were damaged, while at 04:00 hours HMS Thanet was sunk 38 were killed, 67 survived
and were rescued by friendly forces and 31 survived were
captured by the Japanese however the Japanese were
able to finish landing their troops which may
have contributed to the impression of significant
forces in front of the Australian defenders and
their subsequent withdrawal aftermath of Endau Battle,
Perceval order a retreat of its troops across the Johor straight
to the island of Singapore on the 30th of January 1942, British troops
in the southern tip of British Malaya completed the withdrawn to Singapore, thus
marking the start of the siege of Singapore by dawn of the 31st of January
1942, the main causeway linking Singapore and
British Malaya was blown up shortly after, Japanese
troops captured johor bahru on the 1st of February 1942,
Japanese troops pausing for the following few days to prepare
for landing on the island meanwhile General Arthur
Percival announced that: “the Battle of
Malaya has come to an end and the Battle of Singapore
has started. today we stand beleaguered
in our island fortress our task is to hold this
fortress until help can come” Tennōheika Banzai !!! at the conclusion of the Japanese
campaign at Malaya all Allied troops at the peninsula, numbered at over 138
thousand were killed or captured many of the captured would
enter a four-year long brutal captivity is
forced labor in Indochina on the 18th of October 1943, the four
northernmost Malay states were transferred to Thailand, as a reward for entering into
a military alliance with the Japanese British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
considered “the British defeat at Malaya and Singapore one of the most
humiliating British Defeats of all time” Thank You For Watching.
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23 comments on “WW2 in South-East Asia | Malayan Campaign (1941-1942)

  1. Really enjoyed the animations for the video and i liked the addition of a timeline beneath to follow, however, the voice narration was almost unbearable.
    Would be great if you reuploaded the videos with proper voice narration!

  2. It is so hard for me to find good info about the initial invasions in the pacific campaign, thankfully I found your channel. Keep up the good work#

  3. In those day,we call Malaya as Tanah Malaya.for foreigners they were called Malaya.
    Edit: I'm kinda suprised you used "Sarjan Hassan" as the background music.

  4. love your videos. very hard to find detailed info on the southeast asia campaigns. Only wish you wouldnt use machine text to speech for the narration.

  5. @ 3:16 "Although detected by British scout planes two days earlier. . ." – no. They were Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Lockheed Hudson aircraft flying from Kota Bahru, not Royal Air Force (RAF).

  6. If malayan ppl bfore the attack been trained profesionally how use gun and heavy weapon i dont think japan will conquer malayan that fast. The gurkha army n nepal army by british, they are not defending their homeland.. you can imagine when u get paid to war and you war because you love your homeland.. i didnt say its the armies fault they faught for other country itself already a wonder things to remember but.. the strategy by british seriously awful.. they never ready beside taking wealth n source out from malaya..

  7. I likes your video about the Malaya campaign. Can you let me know what software to use if i want to make animation like what you do such as the colour cover changes as the Jap advances?

  8. those indian soldiers are not only brave but also have excellent fighting skills even with the lack of equipment that they have.

  9. Except for the massacre of their wounded at Parit Sulong you total ignored the epic battle by the Australian 2/29th and 2/19th Battalions who held the Imperial Guards Division for seven days on Bakri Parit Sulong Road.

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